Working Paper Series

Policing Working Papier Series no 51: Bridging the Gap: Developing Community Policing and Engagement in Challenging Environments

This paper provides a practitioner’s view on delivering community policing in challenging environments. The author draws upon his direct experience of advising on, implementing and training in this area from countries such as Northern Ireland, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Jordan, Somaliland and most recently, the Syrian Arab Republic. Where appropriate, literature on the subject is referred to in an attempt to bridge any perceived ‘disconnect’ between the theory and practice. Some of the common barriers to effective implementation are discussed together with factors such as securing advance ‘buy-in’ at senior levels, setting policy, strategy, selection, recruitment and training. The importance of deciding in advance which level of engagement the police are currently operating at, and which level they will agree to aspire to, is examined before drawing conclusions on the considerations for implementing community policing and engagement programmes in challenging environments.

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Policing Working Paper Series no 50: An Index of Insecurity for Community Policing

With the advent of community policing, the notion of insecurity complexified. New dimensions such as the sense of safety, levels of incivilities, or the fear of crime joined the traditional crime rates to defined its larger perimeter. If, added one to another and often measured by crime victimization surveys, they account better for the notion of local public safety in its globality, the multiplication of indicators is a real challenge for interpretation and complicates comparative analyses and impact studies. We miss a single indicator summarizing the richer information. Advances in computing multidimensional indexes may change this. Inspired by studies of poverty, this paper shows how to compute an index measuring local insecurity while accounting for its complexity. It then formulates a series of synthetic indicators measuring the incidence of insecurity, its severity, rates of extreme insecurity, and “sensitive” neighborhoods. These indicators - and how they can be useful for defining local strategies of community policing - are illustrated with examples from cities in the Republic of Guinea and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Policing Working Paper Series No 49 Un indice pluridimensionnel au service de la police de proximité

Avec l’introduction de la police de proximité, la notion d’insécurité s’est complexifiée. Aux traditionnels taux de criminalité sont venus s’adjoindre de nouvelles dimensions comme le sentiment d’insécurité, les niveaux d’incivilité ou encore la perception du risque d’être cambriolé. Si, mis bout à bout, ces différents indicateurs - mesurés le plus souvent par des sondages représentatifs - cernent mieux le phénomène de l’insécurité locale dans sa totalité, leur multiplication complique l’évaluation des taux d’insécurité faute de posséder une mesure synthétique, globale, qui résume cette complexité. Les avancées dans la construction d’indices pluridimensionnels permettent d’imaginer une solution à ce problème. S’inspirant des études sur la pauvreté, ce papier montre comment on peut construire un indice mesurant l’insécurité locale tout en tenant compte de la multiplicité de ses facettes. Il formule quelques indicateurs synthétiques mesurant l’incidence de l’insécurité, la sévérité de celle-ci, l’extrême insécurité et la « sensibilité » de quartiers. Ces indicateurs - et l’usage qu’on peut en faire pour définir des stratégies locales de police de proximité - sont illustrés à partir d’exemples de villes guinéennes et congolaises.

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Policing Working Paper Series 48

No 48: JULY 2013, Innovations in Information Sharing: An Overview of an Initiative at Sarasota County Florida Sheriff’s Office, by Albert M. Kopak and Angela M. McCord, Western Carolina University and Sarasota County Sheriff’s Office, USA

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Policing Working Paper Series 47

No 47: JULY 2013, A Snapshot of the Policing Practitioner and Academic Nexus: The Search for Enhanced Public Safety and Security, by David Baker, Monash University, Australia

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